Welcome to Oman
The Sultanate of Oman is in the Middle East, on the southeastern end of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders the United Arab Emirates in the northwest, Saudi Arabia in the west, and Yemen in the southwest. Oman has two exclaves separated from it by the United Arab Emirates, the Musandam Peninsula and Madha.
The country offers a variety of beautiful topographical features. There are valleys between rugged mountain ranges with terraced orchards where pomegranates, apricots, and roses grow, and extensive stretches of a vast plain with gravel desert interspersed with wadis and large pools of water in the middle. Oman’s main cities line up neatly along the coast.
Today the country has a population of 4.45 million people (in 2020), of whom 61% (2.7 million) are Omanis. The capital and largest city is Muscat (pop. 300,000). Spoken language is Arabic (official). The majority of Oman’s population is (Ibadi) Muslim.
What is Oman known for?
short form: Arabic: عمان ʻUmān
int’l long form: Sultanate of Oman
int’l short form: Oman
former: Muscat and Oman
Muscat (pop. over 400 000)
Dhofar, Salalah, Nizwa, Sohar, Sur.
Location: Middle East, Southeast Arabian Peninsula, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and the Persian Gulf, between Yemen and UAE.
Area: 309,500 km² (119,498 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Central desert plain, rugged mountains in north and south.
Nationality: Noun–Oman. Adjective–Omani
Population: 4,45 million (2020)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 41,680 (year)
Ethnic groups: Arab, Baluchi, East African (Zanzibar), South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi)
Religions: Ibadi Muslim 75%; Sunni Muslim, Shia Muslim, Hindu, Christian.
Languages: Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Swahili, Hindi, and other Indian dialects.
Literacy: approx. 80% (total population)